What is diversification in investing and why is it important?

by | 8 May, 2018

When it comes to investing, don’t put all your eggs in one basket!

What is diversification?

Diversification is a strategy investors can use to protect their portfolios (the investments they hold). It works by decreasing the level of risk the portfolio is exposed to, by spreading investments across a wider range of assets. That way, if the worst should happen and one asset’s price suddenly falls, the value of the overall portfolio is not unduly affected, because you spread your initial investment into other assets too.

An example could be the following: you have $1000 to invest and the idea of investing in Tesla stock sounds good to you. On the one hand, you could decide that because you’re so bullish on Tesla, you want to put all of the $1000 into that one stock. This is not a sensible approach, because in this example, all of your cash would be tied to the fortunes of a single company, thus, if the Tesla share price were to fall in value significantly, this is going to be more painful for your investment, because you have placed ‘all your eggs in one basket’ as the saying goes.

On the other hand, you could have decided to place $500 into Tesla, and the rest of the amount into other instruments, like a different stock (perhaps in a different sector of the economy) an exchange traded fund or some other kind of asset. This way, a fall in the price of Tesla shares is more likely to be offset by other more stable investments in your portfolio. 

To a certain extent, diversification becomes more important as the amount of investment increases. With more money being invested, the risks of damaging losses can grow further as there is more at stake. Due to this, institutional investors (i.e. investment management companies) will often seek to broadly diversify the portfolios of their retail customers, particularly high net-worth individuals.

In more risky markets, such as emerging markets, diversification also becomes increasingly important. High volatility in emerging economies due to political instability, currency value fluctuations and other influences can mean that the level of risk for an investor looking to put money into an emerging market can be much higher, compared to ‘developed’ economies. As such, funds which look to invest in emerging markets may invest across many different sectors of the economy, reducing their exposure to volatility as much as possible.

While diversification is not a sure-fire way to prevent losses, it is a great way to balance risk and reward and reduce your exposure to risk within the markets. Think of diversifying as an insurance policy – one that can help to shield you from market volatility and reduce your concerns about your portfolio. 

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Oil's Slick Upward Move

Technocratic officialdom just declared UBS, Zurich Insurance, Nestle, and in fact, the entire Swiss stock exchange, 'off-limits.' They've done what, now?

Once upon a time, a complex myriad of red tape allowed Swiss stocks to be traded across the European Union (EU). Brussels said enough's enough to that and decided to craft one deal to rule them all. While that was being drafted, a Swiss subplot started to boil. Elections, euro-skepticism, and trade unionists became a focal point, and the EU's immovable deal hit a Switzerland's unstoppable sentiment. The treaty crumpled.

In short, the EU just sent the bloc's fourth-largest exchange packing. The SIX, valued at $1.7 trillion with Nestle and Novartis on its register, is out it's own bounds. We can't invest in it anymore!

It's hard to tell who has this worst. For a start, Swiss companies may be forced to other stock exchanges outside Switzerland. A few already have. Investors still with access could end up paying more for shares as, with a European third of orders gone, brokers recoup money by setting higher asking prices. And the officials behind all this? Truly at each other's throats. 

Within the political mire, many hoped both sides could iron out their differences and keep the "equivalence" agreement going. Nope. Switzerland is furious with the EU for what it sees as a flex of power in front of Britain, still in its Brexit muddle. Creating a theatre, it sounds like Brussels is shouting 'don't mess with us!' in the direction of the UK, now teetering closer to a no-deal cliff edge. As Brussels endures its own leadership merry-go-round, Downing Street doesn’t even know to whom it should address its strongly worded letters…

All this couldn't happen to British stocks, could it? Could it?!

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED © INVSTR LTD. 2018

Risk Disclosure:
Invstr is a technology platform, not a registered broker-dealer or investment adviser. Invstr does not offer its own recommendations of any security or provide its own research to any user regarding any security transaction or order.

Please note, investing involves risk and investments may lose value. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Brokerage services of US-traded securities, including fractional trading, are provided to Invstr users by DriveWealth, LLC a registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA/SIPC. DriveWealth may not establish investment accounts to residents of certain jurisdictions. 

DriveWealth provides no tax, legal, or investment advice of any kind, nor does DriveWealth give advice or offer opinions with respect to the nature, potential value, or suitability of any securities transaction or investment strategy. DriveWealth acts as the clearing firm for securities transactions entered on the Invstr mobile platform. DriveWealth is not affiliated with Invstr. Invstr does not participate in DriveWealth’s decision-making.

There is no minimum initial deposit required to open an investing account with DriveWealth. Expenses and Fees associated with the DriveWealth platform in conjunction with Beanstox includes either a monthly membership fee of $4.99 with a commission charge of $0.01 per share* or, in the event the membership fee is not paid, a commission charge of $0.0125 per share applies, subject to a minimum of $2.99 per transaction. There are no monthly minimum fees, or required ongoing minimum account balance. For non-resident aliens, there is a one-time tax verification fee of $5.00 (representing Form W-8BEN pass-through processing cost). View a full list of our fees at http://bit.ly/DWFees

The monthly subscription charge is four dollars and ninety-nine cents (US$4.99) per month plus one cent (US$0.01) per share traded (as examples, for a Transaction of 0.90 shares, the per share traded charge is one cent (US$0.01), and for a Transaction of 1.6 shares, the per share traded charge would be two cents ($0.02), and the quarterly subscription charge is fourteen dollars and ninety-nine cents (US$14.97) every 3 months plus one cent (US$0.01) per share traded. The monthly and quarterly subscription charges may be greater or less depending on additional services offered by a DriveWealth partners as part of the subscription model offering, or based on any subsidies provided by a DriveWealth partner as part of the subscription model offering. For non-resident aliens, there is a one-time tax verification fee of $5.00 (representing Form W-8BEN pass-through processing cost).View a full list of our fees at http://bit.ly/DWFees

This communication is not an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell securities. Investing in securities carries risk, including the loss of principal. Past performance is not indicative of future returns, which may vary. Online trading has inherent risk due to system response and access times that may be affected by various factors, including but not limited to market conditions and system performance. An investor should understand such facts before trading. The risks associated with investing in international securities, including US-listed ADRs and ETFs that contain non-US securities include, among others, country/political risk relating to the government in the home country; exchange rate risk if the country's currency is devalued; and inflationary/purchasing power risks if the currency of the home country becomes less valuable as the general level of prices for goods and services rises. Before investing in an ETF, an investor should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expense of the investment company carefully. ETF prospectuses are accessible within the mobile application via a link under each company’s “Description.”

A fractional share is a share of equity ownership that is less than one full share. Fractional share investing has certain limitations and restrictions that investors should understand prior to purchasing fractional shares: ownership of less than one full share does not give the fractional share owner the right to vote on company matters; fractional shares are non-transferrable, meaning they cannot be transferred to another brokerage firm; and fractional share orders will be accepted as market orders only. For more information and details on fractional shares, and any associated limitations or restrictions please visit: https://drivewealth.com/fractional-shares-disclosure

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ALL RIGHTS RESERVED © INVSTR LTD. 2018

Risk Disclosure:

Invstr is a technology platform, not a registered broker-dealer or investment adviser. Invstr does not offer its own recommendations of any security or provide its own research to any user regarding any security transaction or order.

Please note, investing involves risk and investments may lose value. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Brokerage services of US-traded securities, including fractional trading, are provided to Invstr users by DriveWealth, LLC a registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA/SIPC. DriveWealth may not establish investment accounts to residents of certain jurisdictions. 

DriveWealth provides no tax, legal, or investment advice of any kind, nor does DriveWealth give advice or offer opinions with respect to the nature, potential value, or suitability of any securities transaction or investment strategy. DriveWealth acts as the clearing firm for securities transactions entered on the Invstr mobile platform. DriveWealth is not affiliated with Invstr. Invstr does not participate in DriveWealth’s decision-making.

There is no minimum initial deposit required to open an investing account with DriveWealth. Expenses and Fees associated with the DriveWealth platform in conjunction with Beanstox includes either a monthly membership fee of $4.99 with a commission charge of $0.01 per share* or, in the event the membership fee is not paid, a commission charge of $0.0125 per share applies, subject to a minimum of $2.99 per transaction. There are no monthly minimum fees, or required ongoing minimum account balance. For non-resident aliens, there is a one-time tax verification fee of $5.00 (representing Form W-8BEN pass-through processing cost). View a full list of our fees at http://bit.ly/DWFees

The monthly subscription charge is four dollars and ninety-nine cents (US$4.99) per month plus one cent (US$0.01) per share traded (as examples, for a Transaction of 0.90 shares, the per share traded charge is one cent (US$0.01), and for a Transaction of 1.6 shares, the per share traded charge would be two cents ($0.02), and the quarterly subscription charge is fourteen dollars and ninety-nine cents (US$14.97) every 3 months plus one cent (US$0.01) per share traded. The monthly and quarterly subscription charges may be greater or less depending on additional services offered by a DriveWealth partners as part of the subscription model offering, or based on any subsidies provided by a DriveWealth partner as part of the subscription model offering. For non-resident aliens, there is a one-time tax verification fee of $5.00 (representing Form W-8BEN pass-through processing cost).View a full list of our fees at http://bit.ly/DWFees

This communication is not an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell securities. Investing in securities carries risk, including the loss of principal. Past performance is not indicative of future returns, which may vary. Online trading has inherent risk due to system response and access times that may be affected by various factors, including but not limited to market conditions and system performance. An investor should understand such facts before trading. The risks associated with investing in international securities, including US-listed ADRs and ETFs that contain non-US securities include, among others, country/political risk relating to the government in the home country; exchange rate risk if the country's currency is devalued; and inflationary/purchasing power risks if the currency of the home country becomes less valuable as the general level of prices for goods and services rises. Before investing in an ETF, an investor should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expense of the investment company carefully. ETF prospectuses are accessible within the mobile application via a link under each company’s “Description.”

A fractional share is a share of equity ownership that is less than one full share. Fractional share investing has certain limitations and restrictions that investors should understand prior to purchasing fractional shares: ownership of less than one full share does not give the fractional share owner the right to vote on company matters; fractional shares are non-transferrable, meaning they cannot be transferred to another brokerage firm; and fractional share orders will be accepted as market orders only. For more information and details on fractional shares, and any associated limitations or restrictions please visit: https://drivewealth.com/fractional-shares-disclosure

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